Sesame (til) - An essential diet ingredient

Sesame ( til ) - An essential diet ingredient


The present era, though it is technically developing and modernizing in many aspects with so many facilities to ease our life, but practically fails to attain overall health and happiness. As we observe so many ailments occurring even in early phase of life like acidity, ulcer, migraine, constipation, hair problems, tooth ailments, joint disorders, vision problems along with hereditary disorders.

These ailments will not occur all of a sudden and are mainly caused by our wrong food habits and improper life style, which is completely different from past.

Basic requirements to maintain the health is not apparently good medication but the hygienic and nutritious food, clean water and air and a proper lifestyle, but unfortunately these are contaminated, polluted and improper in one or the other way. Thus making us sick and rush to the hospitals often and often but not merely attaining the complete health.

There is a proverb-

“When the diet is correct, medicine is of no use,

When the diet is wrong, medicine is of no use.”

So it is wise to correct our diet habits than to depend on medications
To maintain our health in a scientific way, ayurveda gives us the knowledge about the various food ingredients and life style.
One of the most essential food ingredient in our daily routine is oil.
And ayurveda describes seasame oil (til tail) as one of most useful eatables, best among all for routine use, both internally and externally. Sesame is also a main ingredient in most of the ayurvedic medicines.

Types and qualities of Seasame:

According to Bhavaprakash (text of ayurveda): The black sesame seeds are the best, white is of medium quality and rest sesame seeds including red are of inferior quality. Synonyms of sesame: til, ellu, tara, gumbulu etc… Useful parts: seed, oil and whole plant in some ayurvedic preparations. Sesame oil composition: rich in vitamin E, natural antioxidant, vitamin K, magnesium, copper, calcium, iron, zinc and vitamin B6. Properties of sesame: it is sweet, accompanying with astringent taste , hot in potency, can penetrate through the subtle channels of the body.

Sesame seed benefits according to Ayurveda

  • It is best for improving strength and imparting oiliness to the body.
  • It is good for teeth.
  • It improves digestive power
  • Improves intelligence and memory.
  • It cleanses wounds
  • It is good for hair and excellent skin moisturizer as it contains vitamin E
  • It calms vata and kapha and slightly increases pitta.
  • It is an excellent laxative.
  • It is safe to massage infants and children
  • It helps to strengthen the bones, muscles and joints as it contains rich amount of calcium.
  • It has anti ageing and rejuvenating properties.
  • It has also aphrodisiac properties and improves vigor.
  • It clears and cleanses body channels.
  • It improves overall strength and immunity.
  • According to Acharya Charak , no other thing is equivalent to sesame in healing vatic disorders. So its routine intake will surely help in preventing vatic disorders.

In the ancient time, kings of demons by virtue of this oil overcame ageing, got rid of diseases as well as fatigue, acquired great strength instantaneously and fought battles successfully.

Side effects

Excessive consumption of sesame oil causes hiccough and difficulty in breathing and also it should be avoided during pregnancy, lactation period, menorrhagia, metrorrhagia.

Research shows that,

  • It has antioxidant, ant inflammatory, antibacterial properties that makes them fight against bacterial infections.
  • It also produces detoxifying effect which will keep skin warm and fresh. It is very effective in repairing damaged cells and improves blood circulation.
  • As it prevents the skin cells from oxidation and improves rejuvenation and thus slows down ageing process of the skin.
  • It maintains good cholesterol and lowers bad cholesterol.

Useful remedies using sesame

  • Tooth ache, gingivitis, tingling of teeth, week teeth :
    • Water mixed with sesame seed paste can be kept for 3 to 5 minutes.
    • Oil is used for oil pulling specially in mouth ulcers.
    • Chewing of sesame seeds.
  • It is best to prevent the excessive dryness of skin, it controls dry scalp and kills dandruff.
  • It protects the skin from the effects of chlorine in swimming pool water.
  • It is beneficial in reducing swelling of hemorrhoids
  • It calms down burns.
  • As an hair oil for children to kill lice infestations.
  • Sesame oil as nasal drop is effective in chronic sinusitis.
  • It controls vaginal yeast infections and also useful in primary amenorrea.
  • With sesame oil no cosmetics are needed as it is a natural UV protector, perfect moisturizer, night cream causing young facial skin and display natural good health.
  • It is traditionally applied over wounds for healing.
  • It should be specially included in diet during fractures, muscle tear and osteoporosis.
  • Mixture of sesame oil, vidanga , sugar cane juice and cow dung is sprinkled to the root of a plant. This practice enables flowering of the plant in all the seasons.(ref: vrikshayurveda)

Summary: As sesame oil has wide properties to benefit the health, it must be included in the daily routine both externally and internally as cooking oil, thus taking initial step towards the natural health of the body and so the mind.

Madhav University provide all types of Ayurveda Courses like-
Bachelor in Ayurvedic Medicine and Surgery (B.A.M.S.)
B Sc (Ayurveda Nursing)
B Pharm (Ayurveda)
Diploma in Ayush Nursing and Pharmacy (DAN & P)
Diploma in Pharmacy (Ayurveda) D Pharma (Ayurveda)
Certificate Course in Panchkarma Technical Assistant

Dr. Rajeshwari V.M., Assistant Professor
Dr. (Prof.) G.S Indoriya, Dean
Faculty of Ayurveda and Naturopathy
Madhav University